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General rules of lightning protection

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General rules of electrical installation design
Connection to the MV utility distribution network
Connection to the LV utility distribution network
MV and LV architecture selection guide for buildings
LV Distribution
Protection against electric shocks and electrical fires
Sizing and protection of conductors
LV switchgear: functions and selection
Overvoltage protection
Energy Efficiency in electrical distribution
Power Factor Correction
Power harmonics management
Characteristics of particular sources and loads
PhotoVoltaic (PV) installation
Residential premises and other special locations
ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
Measurement

Procedure to prevent risks of lightning strike

The system for protecting a building against the effects of lightning must include:

  • protection of structures against direct lightning strokes;
  • protection of electrical installations against direct and indirect lightning strokes.

The basic principle for protection of an installation against the risk of lightning strikes is to prevent the disturbing energy from reaching sensitive equipment. To achieve this, it is necessary to:

  • capture the lightning current and channel it to earth via the most direct path (avoiding the vicinity of sensitive equipment);
  • perform equipotential bonding of the installation;
This equipotential bonding is implemented by bonding conductors, supplemented by Surge Protection Devices (SPDs) or spark gaps (e.g., antenna mast spark gap).
  • minimize induced and indirect effects by installing SPDs and/or filters.

Two protection systems are used to eliminate or limit overvoltages: they are known as the building protection system (for the outside of buildings) and the electrical installation protection system (for the inside of buildings).