Protection of a LV generator set and the downstream circuits

From Electrical Installation Guide
HomeCharacteristics of particular sources and loadsProtection of a LV generator set and the downstream circuits


Most industrial and large commercial electrical installations include certain important loads for which a power supply must be maintained, in the event that the utility electrical supply fails:

  • Either, because safety systems are involved (emergency lighting, automatic fire-protection equipment, smoke dispersal fans, alarms and signalization, and so on…) or
  • Because it concerns priority circuits, such as certain equipment, the stoppage of which would entail a loss of production, or the destruction of a machine tool, etc.

One of the current means of maintaining a supply to the so-called “priority” loads, in the event that other sources fail, is to install a diesel generator set connected, via a change-over switch, to an emergency-power standby switchboard, from which the priority services are fed (see Fig. N1).

Fig. N1 – Example of circuits supplied from a transformer or from an alternator