EMC implementation - Implementation of shielded cables
When the decision is made to use shielded cables, it is also necessary to determine how the shielding will be bonded (type of earthing, connector, cable entry, etc.), otherwise the benefits are considerably reduced. To be effective, the shielding should be bonded over 360°. Figure R17 below show different ways of earthing the cable shielding.
For computer equipment and digital links, the shielding should be connected at each end of the cable.
Connection of the shielding is very important for EMC and the following points should be noted.
If the shielded cable connects equipment located in the same equipotential bonding area, the shielding must be connected to the exposed conductive parts (ECP) at both ends. If the connected equipment is not in the same equipotential bonding area, there are a number of possibilities.
- Connection of only one end to the ECPs is dangerous. If an insulation fault occurs, the voltage in the shielding can be fatal for an operator or destroy equipment. In addition, at high frequencies, the shielding is not effective.
- Connection of both ends to the ECPs can be dangerous if an insulation fault occurs. A high current flows in the shielding and can damage it. To limit this problem, a parallel earthing conductor (PEC) must be run next to the shielded cable. The size of the PEC depends on the short-circuit current in the given part of the installation.It is clear that if the installation has a well meshed earthing network, this problem does not arise.
The following figure shows how to prepare the screen when EMC clamps are used.